Joseph C. Maroon, MD

Heindl Scholar in Neuroscience
Clinical Professor of Neurological Surgery
Director, Tri-State Neurosurgical Associates
Team Neurosurgeon, Pittsburgh Steelers


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412-647-3604

Biography

Joseph C. Maroon, MD, is a board-certified clinical professor of neurological surgery at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, and the Heindl Scholar in Neuroscience.

He obtained his medical and neurosurgical training at Indiana University, Georgetown University, Oxford University in England and the University of Vermont.

[Watch Local Doctor Leads Inspiring Climb Up Mt. Kilimanjaro from KDKA-TV 2 Evening News]

His clinical and research interests have been in the areas of the development of minimally invasive surgical procedures to the brain and spine, the prevention and treatment of traumatic injuries to the central nervous system, innovative approaches to pituitary and other brain tumors and more recently complimentary approaches to inflammatory diseases associated with aging.

Working with neuropsychologist, Mark Lovell, PhD, he co-developed ImPACT© (Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing). This is the first computerized system to determine concussion severity and the timing for return to contact sports. It is now the standard of care for concussion management in the National Football League, National Hockey League, Major League Baseball, NASCAR and is used in over 12,000 colleges and high schools in the United States. For over 20 years he has served as the neurosurgical consultant to professional and college athletes in football, baseball, golf, hockey and soccer and has been the team neurosurgeon to the Pittsburgh Steelers for 20 years. He has been honored by the neurosurgical societies of Japan, Korea, Thailand, Egypt, Brazil, Lebanon and China for his neurosurgical contributions.

He was honored by his peers when he was elected president of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons, the largest society of neurosurgeons in North America.

Other outside activities include a member of the board of directors and chairman of the scientific and technology committee of Mylan Laboratories, the third largest generic drug manufacturer in the world; chairman of the scientific advisory board to General Nutrition Corporation (GNC); and, chairman of the medical and scientific advisory board to Stemedica. He also serves on the NFL Head, Neck and Spine Committee and, in 2008, he became medical director of the World Wrestling Entertainment Corporation (WWE). Also in 2008, he was named senior vice president of the American Academy of Anti-Aging Medicine (A4M).

Honored as one of America’s best neurosurgeons for 12 consecutive years, he has published four books, has written over 250 papers and 40 book chapters. His two most recent books include, Fish Oil: The Natural Anti-Inflammatory, published in 2006 and The Longevity Factor: How Resveratrol and Red Wine Activate Genes for Longer and Healthier Life, released by Simon and Schuster in January of 2009.

In his early years, his athletic abilities earned him a football scholarship to the University of Indiana in Bloomington. There he was selected as Scholastic All-American in football.

Despite his busy professional schedule, Dr. Maroon remains an avid athlete and has competed in over 70 triathlon events. These include seven Ironman distant triathlons (2.4 mile swim, 112 mile bike and 26.2 run) in Hawaii (1993, 2003, 2008, 2010 and 2013), Canada (1995), New Zealand (1997) and Europe (2000). He placed sixth in the Senior U.S. Olympics Triathlon in 2005.

In 1999 he, along with Joe Montana and Kareem Abdul Jabaar, was inducted into the Lou Holtz Upper Ohio Valley Hall of Fame for his athletic accomplishments and contributions to sports medicine. On May 2, 2009 he was inducted into the Western Pennsylvania Sports Hall of Fame and on March 14, 2010 he was inducted into the National Fitness Hall of Fame in Chicago.

For more information, please visit www.josephmaroon.com.

Dr. Maroon's publications can be reviewed through the National Library of Medicine's publication database. 

Community Clinic Sites:

Western PA Surgery Center
6001 Stonewood Drive
Suite 304
Wexford, PA 15090

UPMC West
Suite G
1600 Coraoplis Heights Road
Moon Township, PA 15108

Wheeling Hospital
10 Medical Park
Professional Center I
Suite 104
Wheeling WV, 26003

UPMC Murrysville
4614 William Penn Hwy
Murrysville, PA 15668

Greenville Medical Center
Lower Level
90 Shenango Street
Greenville, PA 16125

UPMC Monroeville
Suite 210 
600 Oxford Drive
Monroeville, PA 15146

Board Certifications

American Board of Neurological Surgery

Hospital Privileges

UPMC Passavant
UPMC Presbyterian
UPMC St. Margarets
Sewickley Valley Hospital
Wheeling Hospital

Professional Organization Membership

Allegheny County Medical Society
American Academy of Anti-Aging Medicine
American Association of Neurological Surgeons
American College of Sports Medicine
American College of Surgeons
American Medical Association
Congress of Neurological Surgeons
Mid-Atlantic Neurosurgical Society
National Association for Disabled Athletes
National Football League Physicians Society
Neurosurgical Society of America
Pennsylvania Medical Society
Pennsylvania Neurosurgical Society

Media Appearances 

Concussion game changers: 14 people from Cleveland to Pittsburgh who have advanced football-related brain issues
July 16, 2014
cleveland.com

NFL rumors 2014: Jermichael Finley gets initial clearance for neck, will visit with undisclosed team Friday
May 30, 2014
thephinsider.com

Doctor says Kilimanjaro trek was an inspirational high
March 11, 2014
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review

Local Doctor Leads Inspiring Climb Up Mt. Kilimanjaro
March 6, 2014
KDKA TV-2 Evening News

Ain't no mountain high enough for Steelers doc
February 27, 2014
steelers.com

Local Doctor Climbs Mt. Kilimanjaro For Worthy Cause
February 26, 2014
KDKA 1020 Radio (Pittsburgh) Morning News

Pittsburgh Doctors Head WWE Medical Team
February 19, 2014
KDKA.com

Neurosurgeon to take part in Kilimanjaro climb
February 17, 2014
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

UPMC neurosurgeon joins No Limits trek up Africa's Mt. Kilimanjaro
February 16, 2014
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review

Jermichael Finley, agent optimistic TE will be cleared; Packers future uncertain
February 12, 2014
Milwaukee-Wisconsin Journal Sentinel

Sewickley resident completes 5th Ironman World Championship
November 13, 2013
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review

The Making of an Ironman
Muscle & Body
November 2013

UPMC Neurosurgeon Dr. Joseph Maroon Reacts To Tony Dorsett’s Diagnosis
93.7 Radio (Pittsburgh) The Fan
November 7, 2013 

Demonstrating What It Means to 'Live Well,' Dr. Joseph C. Maroon Enters His 5th Ironman World Championship in Kona Hawaii
Wall Street Journal
October 3, 2013

Maroon Taking Ironman Challenge
The Intelligencer/Wheeling News-Register
September 29, 2013

Dr. Maroon’s “What It Takes To Be An Ironman”
September 24, 2013
KDKA Radio Morning News

Activating the Longevity Gene with Dr. Joseph Maroon, MD, FACS
September 23, 2013
Science-Based Nutrition Podcast

Antibiotics can relieve back pain caused by bacterial infections
September 9, 2013
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

After Cervical Disc Surgery Pro Athletes Can Return to Sports
July 29, 2013
Monthly Prescribing Reference

Pro athletes can resume careers after cervical spine fusion surgery, reports Neurosurgery
July 18, 2013
Science Codex

Steelers trainer reflects on Roethlisberger concussion
June 8, 2013
USA Today

Steelers: We made correct call on concussion
June 8, 2013
Pittsburgh Tribune Review

Richie Steamboat To Undergo Back Surgery
June 7, 2013
Wrestling News Source

MedLogic's new scanner can show life-threatening bleeding from a head injury
June 5, 2013
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

UPMC Holding Concussion Seminar
June 1, 2013
KDKA Radio 1020

Injury Update on WWE NXT Star Bronson
May 12, 2013
The Wrestling News

WWE Beginners Using Headgear, Update on Bearer-HOF, Gewirtz
March 14, 2013
The Wrestling News

Ryan Westmoreland Gives Us Something Much More Crucial to Root for Than Baseball
March 7, 2013
bleacher report

Bruno Sammartino at the Arnold Classic
March 4, 2013
24wrestling.com

Dr. Joseph Maroon Explains Latest Concussion Research
March 14, 2012
93.7 The Fan Morning Sports Radio

Injured Local Veteran Pushes For Better Treatment
March 12, 2012 
KDKA-TV Evening News

Punch Drunk After a concussion forces him to retire, a former pro-wrestler starts an institute to study the neurological effects of repeated brain injuries
The Scientist
November/December 2011

Inside Peyton Manning's surgery
September 9, 2011
CNN.com

‘Sunday Sit-Down’: Dr. Joseph Maroon
August 7, 2011
The Intelligencer/Wheeling News Register

Mixed martial arts -- a blend of boxing, karate and wrestling -- enjoys rapid rise in popularity but not without some controversy
June 26, 2011
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

Profile: Joseph C. Maroon, MD: Physician and Triathlete
(pdf) 
June 2011
Allegheny County Medical Society Bulletin

What hit her? The repercussions of traumatic brain injury are becoming clearer
Spring 2011
University of Pittsburgh PittMed

Triathlon powers UPMC neurosurgeon
February 11, 2011
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review

Triathlons saved my life
February 7, 2011 
CNN.com

Does football have a future? The NFL and the concussion crisis
January 31, 2011
The New Yorker

Tri-Athlete Speaks To Pittsburgh Steelers 
December 23, 2010
KDKA-TV Evening News

Man With No Legs Helps Pittsburgh Doctor Finish Ironman Competition 
December 23, 2010 
WPXI-TV Evening News

Getting Vitamin D Straight with Dr. Maroon 
December 2, 2010
KDKA Radio 1020 Morning News Show

Training for Ironman Triathlons at Age 70 
November 9, 2010
Wall Street Journal

John Elway, Joseph Maroon Discuss NFL Concussions 
October 25, 2010
Bloomberg: The Hays Advantage Podcast

A big ImPACT: Concussion test aids in precaution
October 28, 2010
Altoona Mirror

Steelers’ Team Doctor Joseph Maroon Reacts To NFL Concussions 
October 19, 2010
KDKA Radio 1020 Morning News Show

Doctor scores personal best in Ironman triathlon
October 18, 2010
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

Brain trauma up in youth basketball as other injuries drop
September 17, 2010
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

Triathlons for stress reduction
Summer 2010
CNS Congress Quarterly

The Evolution of Neurosurgery at UPMC Passavant
July 2010 
North Hills Monthly

Joseph Maroon named to Fitness Hall of Fame
April 21, 2010
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

Hockey will be next to focus on brain injuries
March 14, 2010 
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

Westmoreland to have brain surgery
March 13, 2010
ESPN Boston.com

Concussion awareness makes major strides
March 13, 2010
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review

Brain experts develop game plan for football concussions
March 13, 2010
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

New Pill Has Promising List Of Benefits 
February 15, 2010
KDKA-TV Evening News

Concussions in the National Football League 
January 19, 2010
HBO: Real Sports with Bryant Gumbel

Football Head Injuries Plague Players for Life, Witnesses Tell Congressmen
January 4, 2010
All Headline News.com

Toast to Your Health With a Supplement
December 22, 2009
Wall Street Journal

Practicing again, Westbrook wants to play
December 10, 2009
Philadelphia Inquirer

Peter King: Monday Morning QB: Are helmet mandates coming?
December 8, 2009
Sports Illustrated.com

NFL Issues New Guidelines on Concussions 
December 2, 2009 
New York Times

'Tough' issue: Concussion efforts by NFL face hurdles
December 2, 2009
USA Today

Head cases: The NFL needs to get tough on concussions
December 2, 2009
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Editorial)

UPMC doctors developed stress test for brain
December 2, 2009
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

Chuck Noll sparked concussion test
December 2, 2009
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

Starkey: Ben, Hines and head injuries
December 2, 2009
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review

Concussions in the NFL Interview 
December 1, 2009
KDKA Radio 1020 Morning News Show

Culture of hiding concussions may be changing
November 30, 2009
Associated Press

As Signs of Concern Spread, NFL Revisits Concussions
November 29, 2009
New York Times

Doctors see improvement in Eagles' Westbrook after concussion
November 11, 2009
NFL.com

Many Ohio Valley High Schools Using State-Of-The-Art Football Helmets 
November 9, 2009
WTOV-TV9 (Steubenville, OH)

NFL’s Influence on Safety at Youth Levels Is Cited
October 29 
New York Times

Drinking the savory wine of longevity
August 19, 2009
The Washington Times

If red wine's good, are resveratrol pills even better?
July 13, 2009
Los Angeles Times

Eating to live longer: It can be a page turner
July 13, 2009
Los Angeles Times

The 700 Club Interview 
June 24, 2009
CBN-TV

Cheers to Health
April 17, 2009
Saturday Evening Post

Storm's Swin Cash has back surgery
March 9, 2009
The Seattle Times

'Newsmaker' Feature
March 3, 2009
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review

Celebrating 25 Years of Bringing the Best in Neurosurgical Care to Our Community
February 2009
The Point North Magazine

Something fishy in Steelers' diet aids cardiovascular health
February 2, 2009
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

Steelers neurosurgeon raises toast to red wine
January 27, 2009
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review

Physician authors share what they know about red wine, fitness
January 14, 2009
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

Pittsburgh research explores resveratrol
January 14, 2009
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

Steelers, local athletes share same test for concussions
January 5, 2009
Somerset Daily American

Roethlisberger’s Injury Highlights Nerve Center for Head Trauma 
January 1, 2009 
New York Times

How easily can Roethlisberger bounce back from a concussion?
December 30, 2008
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

Local Doctor Makes Time For Proper Diet, Exercise 
December 4, 2008
KDKA-TV2 Evening News (Pittsburgh)

Better Off Red: Red Wine...The New Oat Bran, Omega-3 and Aspirin in One
November 18, 2008 
New York Post

Ironman triathlon puts surgeon to the test
October 22, 2008
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

UPMC surgeon trains for Ironman
July 21, 2008
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review

Much Hype in Player’s Treatment, Doctors Say
January 15, 2008
New York Times

Is this Mike Alstott's last stop? A neck injury ends the A-Train's season — and possibly his career
August 10, 2007
St. Petersburg Times

Roethlisberger likely to go full tilt in full practice today
October 26, 2006
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

Roethlisberger doesn't appear to have a severe injury, could play Sunday
October 24, 2006
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Associated Press article)

Recognizing concussions sometimes difficult
October 24, 2006
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

Steelers doctor says concluding football led to Long's demise is bad science
September 16, 2005
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

Surgeon disagrees with Wecht that football killed Long
September 15, 2005
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

Greg Norman has back surgery
March 23, 2005
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

The Big Picture: Myron copes with back attack 
September 30, 2002
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

Research Activities

Dr. Maroon is investigating the following research topics:

1) The vitamin D levels in professional athletes, particularly the Pittsburgh Steelers, and its relationship to bone and muscle injury.

2) The use of the restricted ketogenic diet for the management of malignant brain tumors and other neoplasms. A clinical trial is underway in Maryland and IRB approval is being sought here in Pittsburgh.

3) A review of chronic traumatic encephalopathy in athletes—it’s incidence, cause and related factors.

4) The role of anterior cervical minimally invasive discectomy in professional athletes and the return to play criteria.

5) The use of stem cells for the treatment of head injury and stroke in collaboration with Stemedica, Inc. in San Diego, CA.

6) Introduction of the Infrascanner for the detection of intracranial hematomas in TBI. This is a novel use of infrared technology that obviates the need for a CAT scan in the majority of cases of MTBI.