James Cushing Bayley, MD

  • Assistant Professor

James Cushing Bayley, MD will join the University of Pittsburgh Department of Neurological Surgery on August 1 as an assistant professor specializing in spinal oncology and peripheral nerve disorders. A native of Boston, he attended Harvard College, earning a degree in applied mathematics, and received his medical degree from the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine

Dr. Bayley completed his residency in neurological surgery at Baylor College of Medicine in 2023. During residency, he completed subspecialty training in neurosurgical oncology at MD Anderson Cancer Center with a focus on spinal oncology. Based on his experiences at MD Anderson, Dr. Bayley seeks to build a multidisciplinary center at UPMC, including practitioners from radiation oncology, medical oncology, radiology, pain management and rehab medicine, dedicated to providing comprehensive care for patients with spinal tumors. Additionally, he received specialized training on peripheral nerve tumors and surgical techniques for nerve reconstruction in cases of injury by trauma or tumors. As with spine tumors, Dr. Bayley will provide comprehensive, multidisciplinary care for peripheral nerve disorders at UPMC with his colleagues from neurology, neurophysiology and rehab medicine.

During residency, Dr. Bayley performed NIH-funded research in meningiomas, the most common primary tumor of the brain and spine. Utilizing next-generation sequencing techniques, he identified molecular groups to advance our knowledge of the behavior and biology of these tumors. His research interest include using computational techniques to advance our understanding of spinal tumors, clinical outcomes in the treatment of spine and peripheral nerve tumors, as well as utilization of novel techniques in the treatment of challenging spinal tumors, including laser ablation.

Outside of neurosurgery, Dr. Bayley is an accomplished oarsman, earning second-team All-Ivy honors during college and subsequently winning a U.S. Rowing Club National Championship in the single scull. His wife, Erin Bayley, MD, is a breast surgical oncologist at UPMC and together they have three young children. 

Specialized Areas of Interest

Spine tumors, both primary and metastatic; minimally invasive spine surgery; peripheral nerve tumors; peripheral nerve injuries; nerve reconstruction.

Hospital Privileges

Excela Health
UPMC Mercy
UPMC Passavant
UPMC Presbyterian
UPMC Shadyside

Professional Organization Membership

Alpha Omega Alpha
American Association of Neurological Surgeons
Congress of Neurological Surgeons
Pennsylvania Neurosurgical Society
Society for Neuro-Oncology

Education & Training

  • AB, Applied Mathematics, Harvard College, 2009
  • MD, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 2016
  • Residency, Baylor College of Medicine and MD Anderson Cancer Center, 2023

Honors & Awards

  • Kinjiro Iwata Award for Academic Achievement, Baylor College of Medicine, 2022
  • Best Scientific Paper, Texas Association of Neurological Surgeons, 2021
  • Alpha Omega Alpha, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 2016
  • Richard Harris Gottesman Award, Harvard College, 2016