C. Edward Dixon, PhD, directs the Department of Neurological Surgery’s Brain Trauma Research Center (BTRC) at the University of Pittsburgh. The BTRC is a multidisciplinary research program aimed at improving outcome following severe traumatic brain injury. Research conducted both at our Center and at other brain injury research programs clearly demonstrates the potential for improving outcomes using therapies designed to treat biochemical derangements that occur following impact to the brain. In order to identify the most critical of these sequelae of brain injury and to find newer therapies that are effective in treating them, the BTRC has established several basic science head injury laboratories and clinical research projects.
David O. Okonkwo, MD, PhD, leads the department’s efforts as director of the Neurotrauma Clinical Trials Center (NCTC). Clinical brain injury research is wide spanning and includes clinical trials funded by federal agencies and industry to study new therapies, novel brain monitoring, advanced neuroimaging, and biomarkers. The center also houses the National TBI Biospecimens Repository. This repository, under the direction of Ava Puccio, RN, PhD, is the largest centralized collection of biological samples from traumatic brain injury patients in the United States. The Department of Neurological Surgery has pioneered efforts using hypothermia and cerebral blood flow monitoring in the treatment of severe head injury and has conducted landmark investigations into the mechanisms of induction and recovery of head trauma and secondary injury.